Deep Throat and his Legacy

In the pre-dawn hours of June 17, 1972, a security guard called police officers to the Watergate Hotel in Washington, D.C. He had discovered a taped-open door. Once inside, the officers found and arrested five males in a highly unusual burglary. The burglary was unusual not only because it was inside the offices of the […]

Chinese Immigrants and the Iron Road

On a bright May day in 1869, railroad workers, businessmen, and government officials gathered in Utah for an historic event. Soon the ceremonial driving of a solid gold railroad spike would complete a six-year effort at building a railroad across America. Of course, the pricy $350 spike was quickly replaced for safekeeping. Still, it represented […]

What Caused the Great Depression?

The Great Depression was a global phenomenon that significantly changed the course of history. In America, people lost their life savings when banks collapsed. The severe decline in US capital triggered economic troubles overseas. The resulting German poverty ultimately contributed to the rise of Nazism and World War II! What sparked the world-changing Great Depression? […]

John O’Sullivan and America’s Manifest Destiny

When leaders wish to conquer foreign lands, they invariably put forth a list of justifications. In America in the 1840s, politicians and others invoked the phrase “manifest destiny” to optimistically explain continual territorial expansion by the United States. In modern terms, manifest destiny might be described as something that is “obvious and certain”. In short, […]